Historic Map Karte von Creek Indianer, Alabama & Georgien, durch die Creek Indianer Gave T - Finden Sie alles für ihr Zuhause bei bibigeek.com reek Indianer. reek, Indianer aus der Muskogee-Sprachfamilie, die zu den Indianervölkern des Südostens gehören. Sie selbst nannten sich Muskogee. für „Indianerumsiedlungsgesetz“) gedeckten Vertreibung der Muskogee (Creek) aus ihren angestammten Siedlungsgebieten im Südosten der Vereinigten Staaten.
Creek-KriegCreek. Schon vor vielen Jahrhunderten hatten die Indianer im Südosten Nordamerikas eine hohe Stufe der Zivilisation erreicht. Es gab komplexe Gesellschaften. Historic Map Karte von Creek Indianer, Alabama & Georgien, durch die Creek Indianer Gave T - Finden Sie alles für ihr Zuhause bei bibigeek.com Die Muskogee, auch Creek genannt, sind ein Indianervolk Nordamerikas, das ursprünglich aus dem Südosten der USA stammt. In ihrer eigenen Sprache.
Creek Indianer Navigationsmenü VideoFrom The Vault - Folklore of the Muscogee Creek People Die Muskogee, auch Creek genannt, sind ein Indianervolk Nordamerikas, das ursprünglich aus dem Südosten der USA stammt. In ihrer eigenen Sprache. für „Indianerumsiedlungsgesetz“) gedeckten Vertreibung der Muskogee (Creek) aus ihren angestammten Siedlungsgebieten im Südosten der Vereinigten Staaten. Mai im Jahre als Verräter von anderen Creek-Indianern erschossen. Mit dem Indianervertreibungsgesetz des Präsidenten Andrew Jackson im Jahr . reek Indianer. reek, Indianer aus der Muskogee-Sprachfamilie, die zu den Indianervölkern des Südostens gehören. Sie selbst nannten sich Muskogee.
Creeks were soon dispossessed of their remaining land. Although the United States rejected the fraudulent Treaty of Indian Springs, the Creeks recognized that the Georgia government would not relent.
The following year Creek representatives signed the Treaty of Washington, ceding their remaining Georgia land. Georgia citizens played a central role in removing the 20, Creeks still in Alabama.
In the Creeks signed a treaty agreeing to their relocation to Indian Territory later known as Oklahoma. Land speculators based in Columbus , Georgia, saw opportunity in the Creeks' misfortune.
They illegally purchased Creek lands Creek Indians. Hide Caption. Etowah Indian Mounds. William McIntosh. Creek Indian Painting. Creek Indians.
Further Reading. Kathryn E. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, Michael D. Joel W. David S. Native American dance: Northeast and Southeast Indians.
The Creek , Yuchi, Seminole, and other tribes of the southeastern United States greatly emphasize the summer green corn harvest ceremony, or Busk.
Before the removal of many of those tribes to reservations in Oklahoma, they acquired a few dances outside their own traditions.
They carried the…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
Email address. Muscogee Nation of Oklahoma P. Box Okmulgee, Oklahoma Phone: Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico , gave a more complete history of the Creek tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.
Book Notes on the Creek Indians , by J. Hewitt, edited by John R. Anthropological Papers, No. Bulletin , BAE. Washington: Government Printing Office.
Spartanburg, SC. Reprint Co. FHL Book US Government Printing Office. The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Im Jahrhundert begannen sich die Muskogee mit britischen Händlern und geflohenen afrikanischen Sklaven zu verheiraten und zu vermischen.
Wie viele Gruppen der amerikanischen Ureinwohner östlich des Mississippi River teilten sich die Muskogee auf, je nachdem, auf welcher Seite sie im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg standen.
Der Staat Georgia begann sich ins Muskogee-Territorium auszudehnen. Der Muskogee-Staatsmann Alexander McGillivray wurde berühmt, als er einen panindianischen Widerstand gegen dieses Eindringen aufbaute und von den Spaniern in Florida Waffen erhielt, um vorbeiziehende Georgianer zu bekämpfen.
McGillivray arbeitete daran, eine Art Muskogee-Nationalismus aufzubauen und die Führung zu zentralisieren, indem er gegen Dorfvorsteher kämpfte, die individuell Land an die USA verkauft hatten.
Am Etwa von diesen hatten einige Tage zuvor am Golf von Mexiko eine Gruppe indianischer Krieger überfallen, die sich dort gerade mit Waffen eingedeckt hatte, und 20 von ihnen getötet.
In einem Racheakt nahmen nun etwa Rotstöcke das Fort ein und richteten ein furchtbares Blutbad an: Fast Menschen wurden getötet. In der Unterzahl und schlecht bewaffnet kämpften die Rotstöcke einen verzweifelten Kampf von ihren in der Wildnis errichteten Festungen aus.
A peace treaty between the Creek Indians and the United States was eventually signed, months after the War of The following lists catalog the specific articles, stories, legends and research materials of this website.
Click Here to give an online gift. According to statistics, 61 percent of Creeks over the age of 16 were in the labor force.
Of those who were employed, 19 percent were in managerial or professional specialty occupations, and 26 percent were in technical, sales, and administrative support occupations.
Looking at major industry groups, approximately six percent worked in the agricultural, forestry, fisheries, and mining areas; nine percent worked in public administration; 12 percent worked in retail trade; 19 percent were involved in manufacturing; and 22 percent worked in professional and related services, including health and education.
Throughout their history, the Creeks governed themselves democratically. Each town elected a chief who served for life, though he could be recalled.
Members of each town were informed about issues and participated actively in decision making. Town leaders met in daily council sessions, and when broader councils were called, each town sent several representatives to speak and vote on its behalf.
Although there was no specific law fixing a penalty for misrepresenting constituents, leaders who did so faced severe consequences; for example, after signing a treaty that ceded good hunting grounds to Georgia, a chief returned home to find his house burned and his crops destroyed.
The society was matrilineal, but most positions of tribal leadership were filled by men. While women did not vote, they did enjoy full economic rights including property ownership, and they exerted significant influence on decisions by discussing their opinions with the men of the town.
Each town may also have appointed a Beloved Woman who communicated with her counterparts in other towns.
The roles of the Beloved Woman and perhaps other female leaders have been lost to history since European observers ignored them and omitted them from written accounts.
In , a delegation of Creek leaders traveled to New York to negotiate a treaty with President Washington. It was the first in a long series of treaties that ceded tribal land to the United States; with each cession, the tribe was guaranteed unending ownership of their remaining land.
In some cases, treaties were obtained by such fraudulent means as purposely negotiating with a non-representative group of minor chiefs after being refused by the official delegation, or forging the names of chiefs who refused to cooperate.
In the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, whose mother was Creek, organized a rebellion against the United States. The Creek nation split over whether to join the uprising; most of the Lower Creeks supported Tecumseh while the Upper Creeks were rather evenly divided in their allegiance.
This division resulted in the Red Stick War, a devastating civil war within the tribe. Under terms of the peace treaty signed in , the tribe relinquished to the United States 22 million acres of land, including the townsites of some of the Upper Creeks who had fought alongside Andrew Jackson's forces against the rebels.
In addition to gradually obtaining ownership of tens of millions of acres of Creek land, federal and state governments placed a succession of restrictions on the Indians.
Alabama law, for example, prohibited an Indian from testifying against a white man. According to Grant Foreman in Indian Removal: The Emigration of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indians , a Creek delegation to the United States Secretary of War in complained, "We are made subject to laws we have no means of comprehending; we never know when we are doing right.
The Removal Treaty of guaranteed the Creeks political autonomy and perpetual ownership of new homelands in Indian Territory in return for their cession of remaining tribal lands in the East.
It specified that each Creek could freely choose whether to remain on his homeland or move to the West.
Those who decided to stay in the East could select homesteads on former tribal land. Land speculators eager to profit from the anticipated influx of white settlers devised a variety of ways to cheat the Indians out of their land, either by paying far less than its true value or by forging deeds.
After an Indian attack on a mail stage—for which a white man was later convicted—a brief civil war pitted Creeks who wanted to remain in the East against those who accepted the concept of relocation.
Finally the federal government ordered forcible removal of all remaining Creeks in Emigrants were subjected to horrible conditions during the government-subsidized trips to Indian Territory.
One group began their journey in December , barefoot and scantily clothed; 26 percent of them died during the four-month journey.
Leaders pushed onward as quickly as they could, not allowing the Indians to conduct funeral services to ensure the dead an afterlife, and sometimes not even allowing the survivors to bury the dead.
In July , a party of 1, Creeks departed for the West with the warriors handcuffed and chained together for the entire journey. Upon arrival in Indian Territory, the Five Civilized Tribes faced opposition from plains Indians who would have to share diminished hunting grounds with 60, new residents.
Although the Creeks were capable of defending themselves against attack, they took the lead in conducting negotiations between the immigrant tribes and the indigenous people to establish peaceful coexistence.
As they settled into their new homeland, the Creeks discovered that the United States' promises of assistance went largely unfulfilled.
Tools and farm implements did not come in time to build homes and plant crops. Weapons and ammunition did not arrive, so the men had to relearn bow and arrow hunting techniques.
In order to maximize profits from their government contracts, food suppliers delivered partial shipments and rancid provisions.
Especially during the first few years after relocation, annuity payments guaranteed by the treaty were made primarily in goods rather than in cash, and most of the items to be delivered were either useless to the Indians or were lost in shipment.
By the s the Creek people had begun to achieve a relatively prosperous life in their new territory. The Creeks tried to remain neutral in the conflict but were drawn into hostilities by attacks on their people.
Loyalties were once again divided. The Lower Towns generally favored retention of slavery and sided with the South, while the Upper Towns chose to abide by their treaties with the North.
What ensued was another civil war within the Creek nation. In retribution for the failure of the entire tribe to support the Union, the post-war treaty required the cession of 3.
The Creeks attempted to formalize their government after arriving in the West. A written constitution providing for elected tribal officers was adopted about ; after the Civil War, it was replaced with a new one modeled closely after the U.
As a result, tribal lands were removed from common ownership and distributed among individual Indians for private ownership.
In , the U. These federal policies were reversed by the Wheeler-Howard Act, which encouraged tribal cultural and economic development.
Two years later, Congress passed the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act, providing Indian tribes with a mechanism for incorporating.
It also provided benefits such as a student loan program and a revolving fund to be used for extending credit to Indians. The 37, members of the Muscogee Nation are governed by an elected principal chief, a bicameral legislature, and a judicial branch.
The 2, Poarch Creeks in Alabama are governed by an elected tribal council that selects a tribal chairman from among its nine members.
Listed below are some of the Creek people who have made notable contributions to American society as a whole. It is difficult to arrange their names by area of contribution, since some individuals attained prominence in several fields.
Gary Fife is the producer and host of "National Native News," which airs on over public radio stations around the country. Enoch Kelly Haney is an Oklahoma state senator who is nationally recognized for his political involvement and proactive stance for Native American rights; he is also an accomplished artist on canvas and in bronze.
Gale Thrower — received the Alabama Folk Life Heritage Award for her contributions toward preserving her tribe's traditions and culture.
Alexander Alex Lawrence Posey was a poet and a writer of prose; he was elected to the House of Warriors, the lower chamber of the Creek National Council; at various times he served as superintendent of two boarding schools and the Creek Orphan Asylum, and as superintendent of public instruction for the Creek Nation of Oklahoma; he helped draft the constitution for the proposed State of Sequoia, a document on which the constitution for the state of Oklahoma was later based.
Ernest Childers — was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for "exceptional leadership, initiative, calmness under fire, and conspicuous gallantry" on September 22, , at Oliveto, Italy.
John N. Reese was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for "his gallant determination in the face of tremendous odds, aggressive fighting spirit, and extreme heroism at the cost of his life" on February 9, , at Manila in the Philippine Islands.
Allie P. Reynolds was a baseball pitcher with the Cleveland Indians from to and the New York Yankees from to ; he had the best earned run average ERA in the American League in and , and he led the league in strikeouts and shutouts for two seasons; he was named America's Professional Athlete of the Year in Jack Jacobs played football for the University of Oklahoma from to ; he also played professional football for 14 years with several teams including the Cleveland Rams, the Washington Redskins, and the Green Bay Packers.
Acee Blue Eagle was an acclaimed Creek painter. Department of State as goodwill ambassadors, using their art as a means of bridging the communications gap around the world.
Jerome Tiger , a painter and sculptor, was also a Golden Gloves boxer. His brother Johnny Tiger, Jr. She has done a series of paintings depicting the various treaties of the Five Civilized Tribes, and another portraying the women of the tribes.
The official publication of the Muscogee Nation. Distributed 12 times annually in English. Circulation is 8, Address: Department of Communications, P.Muskogean peoples: Alabama, Koasati, Miccosukee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole The Muscogee, also known as the Muskogee, Muscogee Creek, Creek, Mvskokvlke, or the Muscogee Creek Confederacy (pronounced [məskógəlgi]) in the Muscogee language, are a related group of indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands. Creek, Muskogean-speaking North American Indians who originally occupied a huge expanse of the flatlands of what are now Georgia and Alabama. The Creek Indian tribe are people of the Southeast Native American cultural groups. The geographic elements of the area where they lived on managed the way of life in their home is called Homes of the Creek Indians and society of these Creek Indian people. No, but some Seminoles are Creek people. The Seminole tribe was originally an alliance between certain Creek, Miccosukee, Hitchiti, Oconee, and other Indian people of northern Florida and southern Georgia. Only some Creek people, not all of them, joined the Seminoles. Where do the Creeks live?. Creek Indians The Creek Indians banded together to protect themselves from other bands of Indians. Before the 18th century rolled around, the Creek Indians occupied quite a bit of the southeast United States, what we know now as Georgia and Alabama. They were part of a union that comprised a few other tribes that also lived in the area.